VHS Library Programs

Darrell & Ronna Watkins
P.O. Box 635
Tieton, WA 98947
Home: 509-673-0085
darrell848@aol.com



V1 HOW TO MAKE A RESIN TABLE
Made and donated by the Idaho Falls Club 

V2 SMITHSONIAN: GEMS AND MINERALS
Donated by Glenn and Dorothy Lee 

V3 LOST WAX PROCESS
by A. Goodman 

V4 SOLDERING PRECIOUS METALS
by A. Goodman 

V5 ALL ABOUT SOLDERING
by A. Goodman 

V6 CREATING A CABOCHON
by A. Goodman 

V7 FACETING A MEETPOINT MARQUISE
by A. Goodman 

V8 EXPLORING ART CLAY SILVER 
part 1 With Jackie Trudy a 99.9% moldable clay silver when fired 

V9 VENETIAN BEADS
By Bruce and Nora Nixon 

V10 SPLENDID GEMS
PBS-National Geographic TV Program 

V11 GEMSTONES OF AMERICA
Smithsonian Video, America’s Hidden Treasures 

V12 GEMS AND CRYSTALS, ANCIENT LEGENDS AND MODERN MYTHS
by Harriot and Harold Trettin 

V13 LECHUGUILLA CAVE: THE HIDDEN GIANT
Denver Museum of Natural History, donated by Marian & Lin Kannegard 

V14 SILENT SPLENDOR
Denver Museum of Natural History, donated by Marian & Lin Kannegard 

V15 CRATERS OF THE MOON
donated by the West Seattle Gem and Mineral Club 

V16 OPAL CUTTING MADE EASY
by Paul Downing, donated by the West Seattle Gem and Mineral Club 

V17 FACETING A STANDARD BRILLIANT
by A. Goodman, faceting by Joe Rubin of Ultratec 

V18 CAPE PERPETUA, THE GEOLOGY OF OREGON’S CAPE PERPETUA
donated by the West Seattle Gem and Mineral Club 

V19 GEMSTONE JUNCTION
a 1994 Preview of the NFMS show in Ogden, Utah 

V20 COLLECTING EARTH’S NATURAL TREASURES
donated by the Golden Spike Gem and Mineral Society through Bonnie and Richard Glismann 

V21 AMERICA’S BURIED TREASURES
a professional tape about mining from long ago to today (short), donated by ASARCO 

V23 THE TUCSON EXPERIENCE
a one hour visit to the Tucson Gem and Mineral Show (1992?) 

V24 TREASURES AT TUCSON
a one hour visit to the 1993 show 

V26 OUTDOOR IDAHO - GEMS AND GEOLOGY
Idaho Public Television, 1994, donated by Lewis Birdsall 

V27 OUTDOOR IDAHO - THE GEM STATE
Idaho Public Television, 1996, donated by Lewis Birdsall

V28 WIRE WRAP
by Alice Turner, AFMS 1994 Award Program 

V29 CUSTOM WIRE WRAP JEWELRY
by Alice Turner, AFMS 1997 Award Program, 2 tapes 

V30 INTRICATE INTARSIA
by Phil Magistro, AFMS 1997 Award Program 

V31 CAUGHT KNAPPING - THE FUNDAMENTALS OF FLINT KNAPPING
by Craig Ratzat 

V32 T-REX “THE REAL WORLD”
Visit several sites where T-Rex skeletons were found. Off-Line Video Productions, 1996; Obtained via the AFMS Endowment Fund, 1999 

V33 THE STEWART TOURMALINE STORY
A look into the secrets of a world renowned gemstone mine. Millennium, Inc. 1992 (57 minutes); Obtained via the AFMS Endowment Fund, 1999 

V34 WALKING WITH DINOSAURS
This is a 2 part (34a and 34b) program from the Discovery Channel, an educational overview of dinosaurs with excellent special effects. Each tape is 2 hours, recommend program be done as a minimum 2 separate Meetings. 

V35 COOBER PEDY, THE OPAL CAPITAL
A window on the unique life in the opal mining capital of the world. A travelogue type program, NOT a how to. (56 minutes) Video Australia Productions, 1998 

V36 HIDDEN FURY: THE NEW MADRID EARTHQUAKE ZONE
JLM Visuals (27 minutes); Obtained via the AFMS Endowment Fund 

V37 THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF MINERALS
An introduction to mineral identification. Michigan Technological University extension course, 1998 (42 minutes); Obtained via the AFMS Endowment Fund, 1999 

V38 ON THE TRAIL OF THE THICK-SKULLED DINOSAUR
By Emily Giffin, The Science Bag, (60 minutes) Obtained via the AFMS Endowment Fund, 1999 

V39 ERRATIC ROCKS AND CREAM CITY BRICKS - BUILDING MILWAUKEE FROM THE GROUND DOWN
By Professor Norman Lasca, The Science Bag. (62 minutes) Obtained via the AFMS Endowment Fund, 1999 

V40 SUGAR, QUARTZ, DIAMONDS: CRYSTALLINE PERFECTION
The Science Bag (56 minutes) Obtained by the AFMS Endowment Fund, 1999 

V41 COLLECTING EARTHS NATURAL TREASURES
60 minutes with Director Kevin Guest. Gems, Mineral and Fossils from Museums and private collections around the world, including Gem Hall of the Smithsonian. 

V42 RAINBOW OF STONE; A JOURNEY THROUGH DEEP TIME IN THE GRAND CANYON
By Terra Productions, Narrated by Robert Fulghum; The geologic story of the Grand Canyon National Park (40 minutes). Obtained via the AFMS Endowment Fund, 2001 

V43 YELLOWSTONE: IMPRINTS OF GEOLOGIC TIME
A spectacular journey through the colorful geologic story of Yellowstone National Park (27 minutes). Obtained via AFMS Endowment Fund, 2001 

V44 THE ROCK CYCLE: UNDERSTANDING THE PROCESSES AND PRODUCTS OF AN EVER-CHANGING EARTH
By Terra Productions An exploration of the processes and products of our ever-changing earth and promotes a basic understanding of earth science (30 minutes). Obtained via the AFMS Endowment Fund, 2001 

V45 EARTH REVEALED
Obtained via the AFMS Endowment Fund, 2001. 26 VHS cassettes - 30 minutes each. This series follows geologists in the field and laboratory as they explore the primal forces of the Earth. From earthquakes to volcanoes to the creation of sea-floor crusts and shifting river courses, Earth Revealed offers stunning visuals that explain plate tectonics and other geologic concepts and principles as well as showing how human activities can shape your planet. 

Part 1. Down to Earth;
Surface conditions of the planets Venus and Mars are Compared with those of Earth. And scenes of Earth’s living Landscapes lead into a discussion of how unique Earth truly is. Also, some of the other major topics addressed in this series (plate tectonics, natural resources, seismology, erosion, etc.) are introduced in this part. 

Part 2. The Restless Planet;
Early Greek astronomers believed that Earth was the center of the universe. After the invention of the telescope this notion changed dramatically. This program traces the development of astronomical theory with discussions of the discoveries of Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler and Newton. Unique characteristics of Earth are also discussed. 

Part 3. Earth’s Interior;
Oil wells do more than produce oil – they service as windows to Earth’s interior. The topic of geophysics and methods used to explore what lies beneath Earth’s surface are introduced. Use of seismic wave studies, variations in temperature, magnetic fields, gravity and computer simulations to create models of deep structures are included.

Part 4. The Sea Floor;
The mysteries of ocean floor lie hidden under enormous pressure and total darkness. This program looks at the research submersibles and indirect methods used to study the bottom of the sea, providing a glimpse of volcanic activity, formations such as the continental shelf and mid-ocean ridges and life forms that thrive at extreme depths. 

Part 5. The Birth of a Theory;
In the 1960s, earth scientists developed the theory of plate tectonics. The development of this theory is traced, beginning with the contributions and methods of geologist Alfred Wegner. Sea-floor spreading, continental drift, paleomagnetism and the primordial supercontinent Pangaea are some of the topics covered. 

Part 6. Plate Dynamics; 
This program examines the movement and interaction of tectonic plates, which account for a vast array of geologic formations and phenomena - from California’s San Andreas Fault to the Rift Valley of eastern Africa. Convergent boundaries, subduction, hotspots and the debate over what drives plate motion are also included.

Part 7. Mountain Building;
The myth of the mountain as a solid permanent structure is exploded in this program. Animations are used to illustrate the process of orogeny (mountain building) through accretion and erosion. The role of plate tectonics, the rock cycle and how different types of rock are formed in the course of mountain building are also covered. 

Part 8. Earth’s Structure;
A visit to the Grand Canyon lays the foundation for this exploration of rock layers and deformation. Sedimentation, major structures, the methods used to examine them and how petroleum may be trapped inside them are indcluded. Tectonic force and the different types of stress involved in the formation of geologic structures are also covered. 

Part 9. Earthquakes;
Actual footage of earthquakes and their afternath are shown with a discussion of the forces that fuel these massive events. Faults, waves and the transfer of energy from the epicenter are explained and the history of the seismograph and Richter scale is presented. Devices being developed to study and eventually predict earthquakes are included as well.

Part 10. Geologic Time;
The timeline of major geologic events is superimposed onto a “year”, for a condensed view of Earth’s evolution. A relationship between this timeline and that of life on Earth is established, with fossils and radiocarbon dating playing a major role in the discovery. 

Part 11. Evolution Through Time;
The fossil record reveals much about the diversity and development of species. The traces left by early plants, animals and single-celled organisms are examined and the progression of life forms over time is followed. Connections are drawn between atmospheric gases, climate change, rock formation, biological functions and mass extinctions. 

Part 12. Minerals:
The Materials of Earth; Minerals have been indispensable to human civilization. The variety of minerals, their atomic and crystalline structures and their physical properties, such as harness and luster are discussed. Petrologists’ methods of sectioning rocks are shown and gems, precious metals, ore excavation and the value of silicates are also included. 

Part 13. Volcanism;
Volcanoes provide clues about what is going on inside Earth. Animations are used to illustrate volcanic processes and how plate boundaries are related to volcanism. Various types of eruptions, craters, cones and vents, lava domes, magma and volcanic rocks are surveyed. The 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens serves as one example. 

Part 14. Intrusive Igneous Rocks;
Most magma does not extrude onto Earth’s surface but cools slowly deep inside Earth. This magma seeps into crevices in existing rock to form instrusive igneous rock. Experts provide a graphic illustration of this process and explain the types and textures of rock such as granite, obsidian and uartz. Plate tectonics is again shown to be part of the process. 

Part 15. Weathering and Soils;
“Cleopatra’s Needle” obelisk is severely weathered after only 75 years in New York City, whereas the dry climate of Egypt has preserved similar structures for millennia. This program shows how weather, climate, chemicals, temperature and type of substrate factor into rock and soil erosion. Environmental connections are also considered. 

Part 16. Mass Wasting (Landslides, Creep & Slump);
The tendency for downslope movement of earth under the influence of gravity is often ignored and serious damages result. Various factors in mass wasting, including the rock’s effective strength and pore spaces are discussed as are creep, slump and landslides. Images of an actual landslide illustrate the phenomenon. 

Part 17. Sedimentary Rocks: 
The Key to Past Environments; Returning to Grand Canyon, scientists peer into the geologic past. The movement of sediment and its deposition are covered, as are the processes of lithification and cementation that produce sedimentary rocks. Organic components of rock are also discussed. 

Part 18. Metamorphic Rocks;
The weight of a mountain creates enough pressure to recrystallize rock, thus creating metamorphic rocks. This program outlines the recrystallization process and the type of rock it can create – from claystone and slate to schist and garnet-bearing gneiss. The relationship of metamorphic rock to plate tectonics is also covered. 

Part 19. Running Water I:
Rivers, Erosion and Deposition; Rivers are the most common land feature on Earth and play a vital role in sculpting the land. The various types of rivers, the basic parts of a river and how the slope, channel and discharge of a river erode and build the surrounding terrain are shown. Aspects of flooding are also discussed. 

Part 20. Running Water II:
Landform Evolution; The Colorado River is a powerful agent - powerful enough to have carved the Grand Canyon. How carving takes place over time; erosion and deposition processed as they related to river characteristics and type of rock are discussed. The evolution of rivers is covered along with efforts to prevent harmful consequences to humans. 

Part 21. Groundwater;
Approximately three-quarters of Earth’s surface is covered by water. But most fresh water comes from underground. Topics of this program include aquifers, rock porosity and permeability; artesian wells, the water table, cave formation, sinkholes and how ground water may become contaminated. 

Part 22. Wind, Dust and Deserts;
Land in arid climates is shaped in particular ways. This program shows how deserts are defined by infrequent precipitation and how desertification relates to proximity to the equator, proximity to mountains and ultimately plate tectonics. Images of landscapes illustrate how wind creates features such as dunes, playas, blow-outs and even oasis. 

Part 23. Glaciers;
Many of the world’s most beautiful landscapes were made by glaciers. Images of glaciers and glacial landforms are shown and glacial formation, structure, movement and methods of gouging and accumulating earth are explained. How the study of glaciers may help to understand ice ages and the greenhouse effect are also mentioned. 

Part 24. Waves, Beaches and Coasts;
The dynamic interaction of the energy of the ocean and rocky landmasses creates scenic landscapes. The aspects of waves – the types, parts, movement and impact on the shore – are illustrated, along with shoreline characteristics, currents, sea barriers, tides and how the green house effect could impact sea level and coastal lands. 

Part 25. Living with Earth, Part I;
Scenes of San Francisco before the Loma Prieta earthquake introduce this program addressing how humans are learning to cope with earthquakes. Various groups and agencies are studying the San Andreas Fault and the damage caused along its path to better understand how earthquakes ravage the land. Methods of studying earthquakes are reviewed. 

Part 26. Living with Earth, Part II;
Since the 19th century, humans have turned to the earth for energy sources to fuel their industry. This program discusses where oil comes from, how it is extracted and how it is converted into energy. The effects of oil drilling and the burning of fossil fuels are also addressed and the potential of alternative energy sources is considered. 

V46 MAKING RUBBER MOLDS
by Ed Kristovich Donated by the Tualatin Valley Gem Club. Join artisan Ed Kristovich as he takes you step-by-step through the correct rubber mold process. A must see video for hobbyists and professionals! 

V47 WAX SPRUING AND CASTING 
with Ed Kristovich Donated by Ed Kristovich, Tualatin Valley Gem Club. Join artisan Ed Kristovich as he guides you through the steps to successful wax spruing and the intricacies of casting molten metal. A must see video for hobbyists and professionals! (73 minutes) 

V48 RECOVERY OF THE HYDE PARK MASTODON
AFMS Program Competition Winner, 2002. By Jay Tinker. An interesting and informative presentation on the recovery of a wonderfully preserved Mastodon - from a back yard pond! This program is also available as a slide program and a CD-ROM Power Point presentation. (20 minutes) 

V49 ROCKHOUNDS THE MOVIES
2006 AFMS “Excellence in Education.” Four segments of rockhound interests from “World Class Crystals”, “Dusty Bones”, Information on Oklahoma location of Barite Roses, and 16 minutes at the Gem and Mineral Show at Houston. (56 minutes) 

V50 SCULPTED BY FLOODS - THE NORTHWEST’S ICE AGE LEGACY
During the last ice age, floods flowing with ten times the volume of all the world’s current rivers combined, inundated the Northwest. In their wake was left a unique and often puzzling landscape. Learn about the scientists who struggled to first decipher this story and those who continue to explore its meanings today. Donated by Emery Bayley of the Bellevue Rock Club. (57 minutes) 

V51 MYSTERY IN THE ANDES
High in the mountains of South America, a paleontologist has discovered the fossilized remains of mammals that cast doubt on our understanding of the planet’s history. Part of the New Explorers Series. Obtained via the AFMS Endowment Fund 2004. (50 minutes) 

V52 VOICES IN THE STONES
See how pictograms of the Mayans are finally revealing their secrets and travel deep in a gold mine to see how particle scientists probe the internal structure of the sun. Part of the New Explorers Series. Obtained via the AFMS Endowment Fund 2004. (60 minutes) 

V53 SEARCHING FOR THE ORIGINS OF LIFE
From Yellowstone Park to Mars, follow leading scientists as they search for clues to the origins of life. Part of the New Explorers Series. Obtained via the AFMS Endowment Fund 2004 (50 minutes) 

V54 EXOTIC TERRANE
Traces the fascinating history of the mysterious rocks in the Hells Canyon region on the Oregon-Idaho border, and provides an overview of tectonic activity along the Pacific coast. Obtained bia the AFMS Endowment Fund 2004. (27 minutes) 

V55 MINERALS, GEMS AND ORES
What is a “mineral”? Are there tests to help identify them? What are they used for? We are reminded that many of the necessities and luxuries for daily life are made from minerals recovered from ores, that are unevenly distributed around the world. Important gemstones are also reviewed with information about what causes different colors and crystal shapes. Obtained via the AFMS Endowment Fund 2004. (25 minutes) 

V56 GLACIERS
Do you realize that glaciers are metamorphic rocks? Review how these gigantic rivers of ice are formed; various terms such as cirque, bergschrund, drift, till, drumlin, kettle and more. See how much of the North American landscape was sculpted by the Pleistocene Ice Ages. And speculate about the future, based on evidence left by glaciers. Part of the Geology for Students series. Obtained via the AFMS Endowment Fund 2004. (57 minutes)

V57 TREE STORIES
By Ruby Lingelbach, Stillwater Mineral and Gem Society (Oklahoma). 2004 AFMS Program Competition Winner. Specimens of petrified wood may include details that can tell about conditions under which the material was fossilized, insects or other animals that may have attacked or used the wood as a home. Other features such as stress may also be found. Details can be examined to determine the species and structures of plants that lived millions of years ago. (28 minutes) 

V58 ROYAL TYRRELL MUSEUM (Alberta, Canada)
Take a guided tour with the Museum Director and the research scientists as they unravel the mysteries of ancient life. Meet the strange creatures of the Burgess Shale, the mighty dinosaurs in Dinosaur Hall, and the spectacular woolly mammoth in the Ice Ages Gallery on this fascinating journey through time. (23 minutes) 

V59 RHODOCHROSITE - RED TREASURE OF THE ROCKIES
Narrated by Karl Mecklenburg. This video tells the story of the Sweet Home Mine from its beginnings as a modest 1870's silver mine to its rebirth as a world-renowned source of crystal specimens. Experience hard rock mining up close. Watch miners within Colorado’s 14,172 foot Mount Bross as they drill and blast, trying to find elusive pockets of natural riches. Learn how science guides the underground treasure hunt. Follow geologists as they try to unravel the mysteries of the ancient mountain. See some of the most spectacular natural wonders ever brought to light. Obtained via 2005 AFMS Endowment Fund. (80 min) 

V60 CASTING WITH TUFA
By Ed Kristovich, Tualatin Valley Gem Club (Oregon). Learn the mystery of casting with Tufa Stone, a technique used by many Navajo Indians in their jewelry making, and done for at least the last 140 years. (Approximately 45 minutes) 

V61 SEDIMENTARY AND VEIN AGATES
AFMS Program Competition Winner, 2005. By Doug Moore, Heart of Wisconsin Gem and Mineral Society (Wisconsin). Beautiful program with lots of nice agate pictures. Also available in SLIDES, POWERPOINT and DVD FORMATS. (Approximately 46 minutes) 

P63 THOSE FABULOUS THUNDER EGGS, 
PART 2 AFMS Program Competition Winnder, 2005. By Doug Moore, Don Kelman and others. Same description as above. POWERPOINT, DVD and VHS FORMATS.

V65 AGATES CLOSE-UP
AFMS 2007 Program Competition Winner. By Doug Moore in VHS and POWERPOINT FORMAT. Spectacular images of agates can easily become “eye-candy”. Specimens from around the world are shown to examine both common and unusual structures in agates as well as differences between agates formed in sedimentary and igneous environments. (40 minutes) 

V66 FRANKLIN NJ - FLUORESCENT CAPITOL OF THE WORLD
2008 afms Program Competition Winner. By Andreas Ruben, Miami Valley Mineral and Gem Club. Would you like to take a virtual trip to Franklin, NJ and learn comething about fluorescent mineral? This video gives a brief overview of the geology and history of the are and takes you to the mines, the dumps and museums to see some of the minerals you can find there. In conclusion, a list of online resources is provided for images and information. (23 minutes) 

V68 PALEO WORLD SERIES 
... the first 6 programs (each 30 minutes)
AMBER HUNTERS 
- Fossil resin from the Domincan Republic is highly prized because of the varied species perfectly preserved in it - so well that DNA can be extracted.
DINO DOCTORS 
Non-invasive medical scans not only reveal anatomy, but also help scientists learn about the genesis of diseases common to dinosaurs and humans.
MONSTERS ON THE MOVE
- Trackways - fossilized footprints - reveal a wealth of dinosaur behavior and habits to those who can decipher the cluses.
MAMMOTHS 
- A North Dakota site reveals clues about the lieves and extinction of these creatures that roamed parts of North America, as recently as 11,000 years ago.
THE LEGENDARY T-REX 
- Was this the perfect predator - or a lowly scavenger? The answer isn’t conclusive, but more clues are revealed as intimate details are revealed.
TREASURE ISLAND 
- Madagascar has always been inhabited by extraordinary and weird creatures. Scientists try to resolve mysteries found here.